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Sustainable capture fishery

Nile perch at Lake Victoria, Tanzania

Its 68,800 square kilometers make Lake Victoria not only the largest but also the most economically significant lake in Africa. Each year up to 1,000,000 tons of fish are caught.
Although fishing is a source of employment for many people in Tanzania, Kenia and Uganda, the situation in the fishing sector and the fishermen is critical. For a long time now, the fish stocks have been considered as having been exploited to their maximum, and the fishers’ living conditions leave much to be desired in many regions. This makes sustainable solutions all the more important if this key source of income is to be preserved for future generations. This is where the Naturland Wildfish label comes in.

 

In 2008 Naturland entered into co-operation with ANOVA, a seafood importer, the processing plant VicFish (now Supreme Perch), GTZ (now GIZ), the German Society for Technical (International) Co-operation, and AgroEco, an advisory agency in the region of Bukoba (Tanzania), on the western shores of the lake, to launch their first sustainable wildfish project.
Every two years the project-specific management conditions are discussed together with experts in the fields of scientific research, NGOs, businesses, administrative bodies, processing plants, fishers and members of the fishing communities and applicable to their local conditions and then newly defined. This round table takes place jointly with all fishing projects on Lake Victoria which are certified to the Naturland standards and results in a document titled “Joint Specific Standards”.

Strict adherence to the standards ensures a sound management system which keeps a tight rein on Nile perch stocks and the living and working conditions of the entire fishing communities are improved through high Naturland social standards and project-specific management conditions. Besides essential improvements, such as the availability of clean drinking water, life vests and medical care, the women here learn such skills as tailoring and cooking and sell the meals they produce in specially built cantines. This reduces the families’ dependency on income from fishing. Besides these improvements, investments have been made in the education of both children and adults and access to micro-credits for the fishermen have facilitated.

 

Factsheet of the fisheries
Name of the Fishery: Bukoba Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Project
Site: Bukoba
Fishing area: Nyamkazi, Igabiro, Rushala, Nyanbesiga, Kerebe, Mkaibwa
Number of fishermen: 585
Number of boats: 195
Fishing methods: Gillnets with a mesh net size higher than 15 cm and hooks in the size of 9,10 and 11
Target fish species: Nile perch (Lates niloticus)
Size of the boats: 12 meters

 

Name of the Fishery: Alpha Tanzania Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Project Mwanza
Site: Mwanza
Fishing area: Ihale und Mchangani Kome
Number of fishermen: 129
Number of boats: 43

 

Name of the Fishery: NPF Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Mwanza
Site: Mwanza
Fishing area: Ihale und Kigangama
Number of fishermen: 129
Number of boats: 195

 

Steps to certification
Bukoba Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Project
In 2008, the first expert meeting took place in Bukoba, Tanzania. At this time, the first project-specific management conditions for Naturland Sustainable Fisheries were worked out. In January 2009 a pre-evaluation visit of representatives of Naturland as well as an inspection of the control body TanCert was conducted. In May 2009 - after there had been no concerns or objections on the report - a positive certification decision was taken after examination of the facts and expert opinions. The Naturland Guidelines for Sustainable Fisheries require the publication of the relevant parts of the inspection report at least four weeks before the decision of the Naturland certification committee on the certification of a fishing project or on requirements within a certain period to be fulfilled. The publication is primarily intended to enable a wider circle of interested organisations, experts and private individuals to comment on the information in the inspection report or to critically question them.


Alpha Tanzania Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Project Mwanza
On July 29th and 30th of 2010, the expert meeting took place in Mwanza, Tanzania. In 2010 a pre-evaluation visit of representatives of Naturland was conducted. The independent inspection of the control body TanCert took place on the 16.-22. April 2011. After there had been no concerns or objections on the report - a positive certification decision was taken after examination of the facts and expert opinions.

 

NPF Sustainable Nile Perch Fishery Mwanza
On January 9th and 10th of 2011, the expert meeting took place in Mwanza, Tanzania. In 2011 a pre-evaluation visit of representatives of Naturland. The independent inspection of the control body TanCert took place on the 5.-10 September 2011. After there had been no concerns or objections on the report - a positive certification decision was taken after examination of the facts and expert opinions.